‘At least one-third of all cancer cases are preventable. Prevention offers the most cost-effective long-term strategy for the control of cancer.’ World Health Organization
Lifestyle measures that one can take to reduce their chances of the one in three instances that causes Cancer include;
Don’t use tobacco
Whether in the form of cigarettes, second hand smoke that is smoke from a smoker to a non smoker, chewable tobacco is the source of many types of cancer; lung, oesophagus, larynx (voice box), mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, pancreas, stomach and cervix.
Have a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, drink alcohol in moderation, limit processed meats such as bacon, red meats and avoid fatty foods
Alcohol use is a risk factor for many cancer types including cancer of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, liver, colorectum and breast. Risk of cancer increases with the amount of alcohol consumed.
Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active. Aim for at least thirty minutes of exercise each day
There is a link between overweight and obesity to many types of cancer such as oesophagus, colorectum, breast, endometrium and kidney.
Protect yourself from exposure to harmful rays from the sun by wearing wide brimmed hats, avoid mid day sun that is the sun from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. when in the sun stay in the shade, use sun glasses and broad rimmed hats, use sun screen.
Get immunized against HPV and Hepatitis B
Avoid having many sexual partners and sharing needles
Infectious agents are responsible for almost 22% of cancer deaths in the developing world and 6% in industrialized countries. Viral hepatitis B and C cause cancer of the liver; human papilloma virus infection causes cervical cancer; the bacterium Helicobacter pylori increases the risk of stomach cancer.
Regular medical care and screening
Regular breast examinations, mammograms, pap smears that test the cervix, tests for prostate cancer are excellent tests for prevention of cancer.
Environmental pollution should be reduced
Carcinogens in the working environment. Protective garments and avoidance of high levels of radiation are mandatory to those exposed to radiation.
Minimize exposure to radiation
Copyrighted Kwambie Nyambane,
Photo credits: Google images.